In many countries around the world, life expectancy is increasing. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this situation and give your own opinion.
According to a school of thought, it is inscribed that a long lifespan as part of a country’s growth is a vital tool in the economic development of a country. The healthier its citizens, the productive a country becomes in their output of work. Life expectancy is increasing in many countries around the world, and I will be dissecting the advantages and disadvantages of this situation.
On the one hand, an advantage of this situation is that it brings about efficient and effective work output. With life expectancy on the increase, most countries tend to have the labour force required to meet the demands. With a healthy labour force, work performance is efficient as compared to the labour force where its citizens are of ill health. An example is during the 19th century in the new world of discovery, a labour force of healthy individuals was needed to be able to combat the shortages of workers and prevailing to the sick force where those of the initial settlement died out during their stay.
On the other hand, one disadvantage is pressure on social amenities. As the life expectancy of a country increases, it avails to the overuse of amenities such as hospitals and the others as with time, a new set of generations will be in the system all availing to the use of such facilities. Secondly, the aged in most of these countries are neglected. Due to the increase in life expectancy, the elderly are mostly ignored and most policies implemented do not favour them, whereas facilities are not readily available to cater for their needs. An example is in most developed countries, and they tend to look for workers to avail themselves in the care of the elderly, which most at times relies on overseas workers to fill those positions.
In conclusion, from the above-stated points, it could be observed that increase in life expectancy has its own pro’s and con’s, but I believe having an elderly in the home is of great joy and a desire every individual would love to have, which I prefer for measures to put in place to increase their life expectancy.
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